The PopuList offers academics and journalists an overview of populist, far-left and far-right parties in Europe from 1989 until 2022. The PopuList has been supported by the Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research, the Amsterdam Centre for European Studies, the Department of Politics of the University of York, the Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, the Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek, The Guardian, and the ECPR Standing Group on Extremism and Democracy, and has been used in numerous publications. The PopuList has been used in numerous publications.
The graph below presents the vote shares of several categories of parties over time.
In September 2023 version 3.0 of The PopuList was launched. It includes data from 1 January 1989 until 31 December 2022. The most important changes compared to the previous version are: (1) it includes a thorough revision of all parties; (2) it extends the list with the 2020-2022 period; (3) it includes detailed country reports that offer brief descriptions of all parties included in the list, and justify decisions made about borderline cases.
On this website you can find (links to):
- A pdf version of the dataset for a quick overview;
- The full dataset and the codebook on our OSF page;
- Country reports with more information about all included parties;
- Our open access article, published in the British Journal of Political Science, in which we elaborate on the coming into being of the dataset;
- Previous versions of the PopuList: (version 1.0 and version 2.0).
If you make use of The PopuList, please refer to:
- The article in which we elaborate on The PopuList: Rooduijn, Matthijs, Andrea L.P. Pirro, Daphne Halikiopoulou, Caterina Froio, Stijn van Kessel, Sarah L. de Lange, Cas Mudde, and Paul Taggart (2023). The PopuList: A Database of Populist, Far-Left, and Far-Right Parties Using Expert-Informed Qualitative Comparative Classification (EiQCC). British Journal of Political Science, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007123423000431.
- And the dataset itself: Rooduijn, Matthijs, Andrea L.P. Pirro, Daphne Halikiopoulou, Caterina Froio, Stijn van Kessel, Sarah L. de Lange, Cas Mudde, and Paul Taggart (2023). The PopuList 3.0: An Overview of Populist, Far-left and Far-right Parties in Europe. www.popu-list.org. DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/2EWKQ.